With Australian housing prohibitively expensive for so many, emerging blockchain technology could enable property development to be crowdfunded.
This would enable micro investors to own small parcels or shares in the development, whilst providing those investors with real-time information to help them make the best investment decisions.
This could help some investors to enter the property market for the first time, but will also likely contribute to further price inflation, exacerbating affordability issues for those seeking to buy an entire property.
This is just one of many potential disruptions to the housing market examined in a newly released AHURI report – Understanding the disruptive technology ecosystem in Australian urban and housing contexts: a roadmap.
The study was undertaken by researchers from University of New South Wales (UNSW), RMIT University, and Swinburne University of Technology.
It provides a wide-ranging and critical review of how different emerging digital and disruptive technologies are being incorporated into the housing, housing welfare and planning systems, and how they might lead to greater efficiencies and new opportunities, but also create new challenges and complexity.
Professor Christopher Pettit, from the UNSW and lead author of the report, said the promise of some of these emerging technologies is that they have the potential to simplify the processes involved in siting, constructing, tenanting, selling and maintaining properties.
“This simplification may come through automated contracts; access to large databases of information that can predict changes in a geographical area; or tracking the housing careers of people receiving housing benefits,” he said.
In the urban planning sector, machine learning algorithms, which are capable of analysing long-term data gathered from planning decisions across Australia, may soon be sophisticated enough to automate much of the statutory land use planning process.
Capacity now exists for digital planning systems to do initial assessments of planning proposals, particularly for smaller developments, which – with the proper oversight in place – could vastly improve the efficiencies of the planning process.
However, as the report details, these emerging disruptive technologies can have huge impacts on the housing and associated legal systems.
While much work has been done in opening up property data assets, significant work is required on data standards, privacy standards and protocols for data sharing across government, industry and the non-profit sectors.
“Having tenants’ data readily available may potentially disadvantage vulnerable individuals in the private rental market,” said Pettit.
“Particularly if they had trouble keeping up with rental payments due to unstable employment, or if they have special needs, such as grab rails and level access that may require some modification to the dwelling, that some landlords may discriminate against,” said Pettit.